Choosing a plant growth chamber or room with the right set of specifications is critical to ensure that you have equipment that meets the requirements of your research. However, your facility may not currently have the physical space or the budget to source the ideal controlled environment to meet your research needs. Often times though, there are model choices that can provide you with a lower cost and/or space saving alternative that enables you to economize, meet your overall research objectives and not compromise on quality of the controlled growing space.
The photos above are images from a university in the United Kingdom that is currently using a Conviron model MTPC72 to conduct research using wheat. The MTPC is a multi-tier plant growth chamber based on a modular platform and is available in increments of 72ft2 (6.6m2 ). The multi-tier design makes the MTPC suitable for research involving lower light, short plants and is an ideal candidate for use in mass screening projects and sizeable plant propagation programs.
The university is growing wheat at a temperature setpoint of 30°C and 60% RH. Typically for growing wheat and other cereal crops such as rice or barley in controlled environments, researchers opt for higher light intensities anywhere from 600-1,000 µmoles/m2 /s. To deliver an acceptable light intensity the room above is outfitted with optional broad spectrum Valoya NS1 LED lights and delivers a maximum intensity of 450 µmoles/m2 /s at 25°C. Standard lighting for the MTPC is 275 µmoles/m2 /s . While 600-1,000 µmoles might be considered more ideal light intensity because it is closer to field conditions on a moderate or sunny day - the wheat is responding excellent to the LEDs with the only perceived difference being that the growth rate is not quite as fast as might be experienced in a higher light intensity environment. For the client, who already has one higher light intensity (1,000 µmoles) room to replicate field conditions, the 450 µmoles MTPC is a significant upgrade to what the client was previously using which was a standard cold room without airflow control that delivered a light intensity of only 300 µmoles.
The LED lights generate virtually zero radiant heat, which means that there will be little to no temperature gradient that you might otherwise expect from a high intensity light source and a horizontal airflow design. The MTPC exhibits fast airflow and, judging by the quality of the plants, excellent transpiration that serves as good overall value as a high quality, high volume wheat propagation room.
The other inherent advantage of the multi-tier MTPC design is that it enables researchers to effectively grow twice as much wheat as compared to a single tier model of the same size due to the two tier shelving. As in the images above, using 6’ pots, the university can load 24 pots per tier, 48 per side for a total of 96 plants per grow room, which enables twice as many plants as they would otherwise have in a comparable single tier chamber. Stated differently, one two tier room enables the client to economize on the cost and the space requirements for the chamber as they are only paying for one chamber but effectively getting two chamber's worth of growing space.
Normally a MTPC would have shelving integrated into a mobile cart to ease transfer of plant material into to the chamber. The chamber depicted above did not come with that standard feature as there were site ceiling limitations that meant that the shelves with wheels compromised the desired growth height per tier. The client instead decided to remove the castors and maximize the height of the growth space as an alternative.
Clients interested in growing wheat and other cereals have also opted for vertical upward or downward airflow controlled environments as they too provide excellent airflow dynamics, temperature uniformity throughout the growing space and ensure adequate transpiration. Below are images of a Conviron model BDW80 with downward airflow design growing wheat to maturity.
The purpose of this blog is to provide insight into the technologies associated with plant growth chambers around the world by showcasing their usage in universities, institutes and other research centers of excellence.
The blog draws upon the work of clients and other users of controlled environment equipment, Conviron subject matter experts and Conviron’s long history as the world’s leading manufacturer of controlled environments.